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Attention, Concentration and Aging:

Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness

"Brain regions associated with attention, interoception and sensory processing were thicker in meditation participants than matched controls, including the prefrontal cortex and right anterior insula."

"differences in prefrontal cortical thickness were most pronounced in older participants, suggesting that meditation might offset age-related cortical thinning"

 

PMS, Menopausal Symptoms, Mood & Anxiety Disorders, Autoimmune Illness and Neoplastic Disease:

Systematic Review of the Efficacy of Meditation Techniques as Treatments for Medical Illness

"The strongest evidence for efficacy was found for epilepsy, symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome and menopausal symptoms. Benefit was also demonstrated for mood and anxiety disorders, autoimmune illness, and emotional disturbance in neoplastic disease."

 

Drug Addiction:

Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation Program in Preventing and Treating Substance Misuse: A Review

"the (Meditation) program simultaneously addresses several factors underlying chemical dependence, providing not only immediate relief from distress but also long-range improvements in well-being, self-esteem, personal empowerment, and other areas of psychophysiological health."

 

Cancer:

Mindfulness Meditation for Oncology Patients: A Discussion and Critical Review

"Consistent benefits—improved psychological functioning, reduction of stress symptoms, enhanced coping and well-being in cancer outpatients—were found."

 

Social Isolation:

Integrative Review of Research Related to Meditation, Spirituality, and the Elderly

"The results also support the hypothesis that meditation and spiritual practices could promote significant social and emotional benefits for those in social isolation."